Author Topic: How men and women cope differently with stress!!!  (Read 3342 times)

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Offline Abbas Bubakar El-ta'alu

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How men and women cope differently with stress!!!
« on: April 17, 2009, 04:41:17 AM »
          Dear members, I made a posting, “Depression and all the calamities it can cause” on . I do hereby present to you a related topic. Though its content may seem more understandable to medics and other related professionals, I all the same suggest you go through it – there may be some aspects that can be of benefit to you or any of your friends, relatives, and so on.

          How men and women cope differently with stress has been traced to genetic differences!!! Can people's differing reactions to situations of stress be attributed at least in part to genetic differences and do those differences affect men and women in different ways - with the edge seemingly favoring the women? Research conducted at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem (Israel) would seem to indicate that the answer to both questions is yes.
          Some people appear to be resilient to difficult conditions, whereas others react adversely to such challenges, incurring a range of physical and mental disorders. Much research has shown that the way in which the brain and body adapt to acute and chronic stress are critical for physical and mental health. Further, according to a recent report by the World Health Organization (WHO), stress will be the second leading cause of mortality worldwide over the next 20 years.
          It is generally believed that the genetic code plays a prominent role in different responses to stress. It has been estimated that the heredity factor determines by some 62 percent the level of the stress hormone (cortisol) in our bodies. However, only a handful of investigations so far have documented the role of specific genetic variants on shaping the stress response among individuals.
          As reported by ScienceDaily (Apr. 8, 2009), in an effort to reveal a genetic basis for coping with stress, Hebrew University researchers devised a laboratory-based social stress test. In addition to testing the cortisol level, mouthwash samples were taken and subjects were genotyped for the brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) gene, which is involved in supporting the growth and differentiation of brain cells. Importantly, animal studies show that BDNF expression is reduced in chronic stress and restored by antidepressant treatment.
          The BDNF gene is characterized by a variant that codes for either the valine (Val) or methionine (Met) amino acids. Individuals carry two copies of each gene, with the Val variant being more common. In the study, subjects carrying two copies of the VAL variant (Val/Val), were compared in their cortisol response to those carrying one copy of the Val and one of the Met (Val/Met).
          When looking at the responses of the subjects in the stress testing, it was seen that the Val/Met men and women carriers had nearly equal cortisol levels. However, the men with the Val/Val variant had a higher cortisol response (and therefore a higher reaction to social stress) than the men carrying the Val/Met variant. For the women, surprisingly, the opposite was found: the Val/Val women had a lower cortisol response than the Val/Met women. Why the Val/Val variant produces opposite stress reactions (raising it for the males and lowering it for the females) remains an enigma.
Because of the predominance of the Val/Val type for both sexes, the males showed overall greater stress in the testing than the females.
          The Hebrew University researchers point out that their investigation shows the importance of genotyping as an aid in helping to resolve paradoxical observations related to stress-related sex differences and also in providing new insight into understanding how depression and other psycho-neurological illnesses may be the result of a combination of stressful life events and genetic factors.
          In conclusion, the researchers say that, the study specifically indicates that women with the BDNF Val/Met genotype and men with the Val/Val may be particularly vulnerable to social stress mediated by brain stress system activity.

 
"It is not the strongest species that survive nor the most intelligent, but the ones that are more responsive to change"
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Offline symoand

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Re: How men and women cope differently with stress!!!
« Reply #1 on: August 20, 2009, 09:20:55 AM »
The best way to get over stress and depression is to take a break from your regular schedule, go out, and take good sleep. This helps in clearing the mind and try consulting a specialist who can suggest you as how you can get over your problem. There are various prescription drugs to get over anxiety and depression, but these should only be used in accordance with the instruction of a physician. There is a lot of fake selling of such medicines on internet, so before you can order it online just make sure it is a real pharmacy.

 


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